The science of glycobiology is the science that studies sugar. It was discovered that there are eight, simple sugars which combine in a process called glycosylation. While the sugars are “simple” they create very complex structures (glycoconjugates) in the body and are involved in nearly every biological process that goes on within the body. The importance of this discovery was not immediately appreciated because scientists felt sugar was only used for energy production. This limited view still persists today despite the many advances in scientific research.

Cell Surface Sugar Structures

Many studies now demonstrate the expansive nature of these cell surface sugar structures. They are directly involved in tasks of cellular communication, cell membrane structure and function, immune system modulation, cellular adhesion, bacterial regulation, disease development, physical protection and a host of other vital functions.

Diet Deficiencies

Because of diet deficiencies, almost everyone suffers from the lack of these critical sugar nutrients. The link below will take you to a 2007 publication summarizing the science of glycobiology. It is an older article that is difficult to find today but it does an excellent job describing the history, development, and ramifications inherent in this science. It presents the information in a readily understandable manner that the public can appreciate without all the technical terms that often get in the way of comprehending the significance of this science.  Click here to see a copy of this incredible, 4-page paper.


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